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What is Gingivitis? – Dentist in Charlotte NC

added on: March 5, 2019

Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease, a bacterial infection of the gums, periodontal ligaments, and/or tooth sockets. It’s estimated that over 36 million Americans suffer from gingivitis. Read on to learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for gingivitis and how a dentist in Charlotte NC can help.

Types of Gingivitis

There are two types of gingivitis: plaque-induced, and non-plaque induced.

  • Plaque-induced gingivitis is when plaque, a sticky material composed of bacteria, food debris, and mucus, accumulates on the teeth. Eventually, the plaque mineralizes into tartar, a hard white substance that is difficult to remove. As the plaque and tartar remain on the teeth, they begin to irritate, inflame, and infect the gums, causing an autoimmune response (i.e. swelling).
  • Non-plaque induced gingivitis is caused by vigorous brushing, aggressive flossing, and/or athletic injuries. It can also be caused or influenced by pregnancy, diabetes, food allergies, and autoimmune diseases.

Gingivitis Symptoms

Symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Red, puffy, or shiny gums
  • Bleeding of the gums after brushing
  • Deep red or magenta gums
  • Receding gum line
  • Halitosis (bad breath)

If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontal disease and, eventually, tooth decay.

Think you have gingivitis? See a dentist in Charlotte NC

If you think you have gingivitis and need a dentist in Charlotte NC, schedule an appointment with Park Cedar Dentistry. Our experienced dentists will remove the plaque and tartar, after which point you will just need to keep up healthy brushing and flossing habits. To set up a tooth cleaning appointment, click here.


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